Does gender inequality reduce growth in sub-Saharan African and Arab countries?

Baliamoune-Lutz, Mina and McGillivray, Mark 2009, Does gender inequality reduce growth in sub-Saharan African and Arab countries?, African development review, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 224-242, doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8268.2009.00209.x.

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Title Does gender inequality reduce growth in sub-Saharan African and Arab countries?
Author(s) Baliamoune-Lutz, Mina
McGillivray, MarkORCID iD for McGillivray, Mark
Journal name African development review
Volume number 21
Issue number 2
Start page 224
End page 242
Total pages 19
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2009-09
ISSN 1017-6772
Summary This paper uses 1974 to 2001 panel data for 31 sub-Saharan African and 10 Arab countries and Arellano–Bond estimations to empirically assess the impact on growth of an important indicator associated with MDG 3; namely the ratio of 15–24-year-old literate females to males. Our findings indicate that gender inequalities in literacy have a statistically significant negative effect that is robust to changes in the specification. In addition, it seems that gender inequality has a stronger effect on growth in Arab countries. Interestingly, we find that the interaction between openness to trade and gender inequality has a positive impact. This result suggests that trade-induced growth may be accompanied by greater gender inequalities.
Notes Published Online: 23 Jul 2009
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-8268.2009.00209.x
Field of Research 140202 Economic Development and Growth
Socio Economic Objective 970114 Expanding Knowledge in Economics
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, The Authors. Journal compilation & African Development Bank
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