Wang, Xungai, Liu, Xin, Hurren, Christopher and Lin, Tong 2009, Recent research on natural fibres and textiles, in Natural fibres in Australasia : proceedings of the combined (NZ and AUS) Conference of The Textile Institute, Dunedin 15-17 April 2009, Textile Institute (NZ), [Dunedin, New Zealand], pp. 1-9.
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This paper provides an overview of recent research on a range of natural fibres and textiles. The focus is on work carried out at Deakin University’s Centre for Material and Fibre Innovation, which is a multidisciplinary research centre with over 100 researchers. The fibres include hemp, wool, silk, and alpaca fibres. Research on yarns, fabrics, and fine powders made from wool and silk fibres are briefly discussed also.
The within-fibre diameter variation of wool has been examined systematically, which highlights the importance of this hard-to-measure fibre attribute. A relationship between hemp fibre fineness and residual gum content has been established, which provides a rapid means of assessing the residual gum content in the degummed hemp fibres. Silk and wool fibres have been converted into ultrafine powders for advanced applications. The Resistance to Compression (RtC) behaviour of wool and alpaca fibres has been closely examined, which challenges the belief that RtC is a good indicator of fibre softness. Ways of reducing the hairiness of natural fibre yarns, predicting the pilling propensity of wool knits, and functionalising fabrics for superhydrophobicity and photochromic or colour changing effects are discussed.
Field of Research
091012 Textile Technology
Socio Economic Objective
970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
HERDC Research category
E2 Full written paper - non-refereed / Abstract reviewed