Responsible aquaculture and trophic level implications to global fish supply

Tacon, Albert G. J., Metian, Marc, Turchini, Giovanni M. and De Silva, Sena S. 2010, Responsible aquaculture and trophic level implications to global fish supply, Reviews in fisheries science, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 94-105.

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Title Responsible aquaculture and trophic level implications to global fish supply
Author(s) Tacon, Albert G. J.
Metian, Marc
Turchini, Giovanni M.
De Silva, Sena S.
Journal name Reviews in fisheries science
Volume number 18
Issue number 1
Start page 94
End page 105
Total pages 12
Publisher Taylor & Francis Inc
Place of publication Abingdon, England
Publication date 2010-01
ISSN 1064-1262
1547-6553
Keyword(s) fisheries
aquaculture
FAO
Code of Conduct
trophic level
food supply
Summary Hunger and malnutrition remain among the most devastating problems facing the world’s poor and needy, and continue to dominate the health and well-being of the world’s poorest nations. Moreover, there are growing doubts as to the long-term sustainability of many existing food production systems, including capture fisheries and aquaculture, to meet the future increasing global demands.Of the different agricultural food production systems, aquaculture (the farming of aquatic animals and plants) is widely viewed as an important weapon in the global fight against malnutrition and poverty, particularly within developing countries where over 93% of global production is currently produced, providing in most instances an affordable and a much needed source of high quality animal protein, lipids, and other essential nutrients. The current article compares for the first time the development and growth of the aquaculture sector and capture fisheries by analyzing production by mean trophic level. Whereas marine capture fisheries have been feeding the world on high trophic level carnivorous fish species since mankind has been fishing the oceans, aquaculture production within developing countries has focused, by and large, on the production of lower trophic level species. However, like capture fisheries, aquaculture focus within economically developed countries has been essentially on the culture of high value-, high trophic level-carnivorous species. The long term sustainability of these production systems is questionable unless the industry can reduce its dependence upon capture fisheries for sourcing raw materials for feed formulation and seed inputs. In line with above, the article calls for the urgent need for all countries to adopt and adhere to the principles and guidelines for responsible aquaculture of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries.
Language eng
Field of Research 070401 Aquaculture
Socio Economic Objective 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2010
Copyright notice ©2010, Taylor and Francis Group
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30029473

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Life and Environmental Sciences
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