Sustained gains from a diabetes prevention program and the role of telephone support

Dunbar, James A., Davis-Lameloise, Nathalie, Philpot, Benjamin, Reddy, Prasuna, Bunker, Stephen, Heistaro, Sami, Laatikainen, Tiina and Janus, Edward 2010, Sustained gains from a diabetes prevention program and the role of telephone support, International journal of diabetes mellitus, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 95-100.

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Title Sustained gains from a diabetes prevention program and the role of telephone support
Author(s) Dunbar, James A.
Davis-Lameloise, Nathalie
Philpot, Benjamin
Reddy, Prasuna
Bunker, Stephen
Heistaro, Sami
Laatikainen, Tiina
Janus, Edward
Journal name International journal of diabetes mellitus
Volume number 2
Issue number 2
Start page 95
End page 100
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2010-08
ISSN 1877-5934
Keyword(s) diabetes prevention
telephone support
lifestyle modification
follow-up
Summary Background
An evaluation of the sustainability of lifestyle changes was undertaken for participants completing a 12 month diabetes prevention program. This second part of the study also tested whether regular structured telephone calls could be effective in maintaining lifestyle changes.

Methods
Originally, 237 participants completed a 12 month group-based lifestyle intervention study. They were aged 40–75 years, with a moderate to high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Participants were then randomised to telephone support (n = 107) or self-care only (n = 98) for 18 months, and re-assessed using anthropometric, clinical, psychological and general health measures.

Results
A total of 164 participants (85 telephone support and 79 self-care only) completed the follow-up. Changes between 12 and 30 months for the telephone support group were not significantly different from those found in the self-care only group. Beneficial lifestyle changes achieved by participants were generally sustained after the diabetes prevention program, with the exception of fasting plasma glucose and some psychological measures.

Conclusions
Positive outcomes achieved at 12 months were generally maintained after a further 18 months. Telephone support did not appear to produce additional benefits.
Language eng
Field of Research 111717 Primary Health Care
Socio Economic Objective 920104 Diabetes
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2010
Copyright notice ©2010, International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30029517

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