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Reliability and validity of the system for observing children's activity and relationships during play (SOCARP)

Ridgers, Nicola D., Stratton, Gareth and McKenzie, Thomas L. 2010, Reliability and validity of the system for observing children's activity and relationships during play (SOCARP), Journal of physical activity & health, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 17-25.

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Title Reliability and validity of the system for observing children's activity and relationships during play (SOCARP)
Author(s) Ridgers, Nicola D.ORCID iD for Ridgers, Nicola D. orcid.org/0000-0001-5713-3515
Stratton, Gareth
McKenzie, Thomas L.
Journal name Journal of physical activity & health
Volume number 7
Issue number 1
Start page 17
End page 25
Total pages 9
Publisher Human Kinetics
Place of publication Champaign, Ill.
Publication date 2010-01
ISSN 1543-3080
1543-5474
Keyword(s) recess
direct observation
school
Summary Background: Children frequently engage in diverse activities that are broadly defined as play, but little research has documented children’s activity levels during play and how they are influenced by social contexts. Assessing potentially modifiable conditions that influence play behavior is needed to design optimal physical activity interventions.

Methods: System for Observing Children’s Activity and Relationships during Play (SOCARP) was developed to simultaneously assess children’s physical activity, social group sizes, activity type, and social behavior during play. One hundred and fourteen children (48 boys, 66 girls; 42% overweight) from 8 elementary schools were observed during recess over 24 days, with 12 days videotaped for reliability purposes. Ninety-nine children wore a uni-axial accelerometer during their observation period.

Results: Estimated energy expenditure rates from SOCARP observations and mean accelerometer counts were significantly correlated (r = .67; P < .01), and interobserver reliabilities (ie, percentage agreement) for activity level (89%), group size (88%), activity type (90%) and interactions (88%) met acceptable criteria. Both physical activity and social interactions were influenced by group size, activity type, and child gender and body weight status.

Conclusions: SOCARP is a valid and reliable observation system for assessing physical activity and play behavior in a recess context.
Notes Reproduced with kind permission of the publisher.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, Human Kinetics, Inc.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30029899

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.