Openly accessible

Children's physical activity levels during school recess : a quasi-experimental intervention study

Ridgers, Nicola D., Stratton, Gareth, Fairclough, Stuart J. and Twisk, Jos W. R. 2007, Children's physical activity levels during school recess : a quasi-experimental intervention study, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, vol. 4, pp. 19-28, doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-4-19.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
ridgers-childrensphysical-2007.pdf Published version application/pdf 293.83KB 234

Title Children's physical activity levels during school recess : a quasi-experimental intervention study
Author(s) Ridgers, Nicola D.ORCID iD for Ridgers, Nicola D. orcid.org/0000-0001-5713-3515
Stratton, Gareth
Fairclough, Stuart J.
Twisk, Jos W. R.
Journal name International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity
Volume number 4
Start page 19
End page 28
Publisher BioMed Central Ltd
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2007-05
ISSN 1479-5868
Summary Background : Recess provides a daily opportunity for children to engage in moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA). Limited research has investigated the effects of recess-based interventions on physical activity using large sample sizes whilst investigating variables that may influence the intervention effect. The aim of the study was to investigate the short-term effects of a playground markings and physical structures intervention on recess physical activity. A secondary aim was to investigate the effects of covariates on the intervention.

Methods : 150 boys and 147 girls were randomly selected from 26 elementary schools to wear uni-axial accelerometers that quantified physical activity every 5 seconds during recess. Fifteen schools located in deprived areas in one large urban city in England received funding through a national initiative to redesign the playground environment. Eleven schools served as matched socioeconomic controls. Data were collected at baseline and 6-weeks following playground intervention. Recess MVPA and VPA levels adjusted for pupil- and school-level covariates (baseline physical activity, age, gender, recess length, body mass index) were analysed using multilevel analyses.

Results : Positive but non-significant intervention effects were found for MVPA and VPA when confounding variables were added to the model. Gender was a significant predictor of recess physical activity, with boys engaging in more MVPA and VPA than girls. Significant interactions for MVPA revealed that the intervention effect was stronger for younger elementary aged school children compared to older children, and the intervention effect increased as daily recess duration increased.

Conclusion : The playground redesign intervention resulted in small but non-significant increases in children's recess physical activity when school and pupil level variables were added to the analyses. Changing the playground environment produced a stronger intervention effect for younger children, and longer daily recess duration enabled children to engage in more MVPA following the intervention. This study concludes that the process of increasing recess physical activity is complex when school and pupil-level covariates are considered, though they should be taken into account when investigating the effects of playground intervention studies on children's physical activity during recess.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/1479-5868-4-19
Field of Research 110602 Exercise Physiology
Socio Economic Objective 920501 Child Health
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30029962

Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 108 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 114 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 831 Abstract Views, 234 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Thu, 09 Sep 2010, 10:33:26 EST by Leanne Swaneveld

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.