Using a completely amorphous polyether we have investigated the effect of the inclusion of a nano-particulate filler on a polymer electrolyte. Nano-sized TiO2 is shown not to significantly affect the conductivity of composite electrolytes containing 1.0 or 1.25 mol/kg LiClO4 or 1.5 or 2.0 mol/kg LiTFSI. At 1.5 mol/kg LiClO4 a significant increase in conductivity is observed. Raman spectroscopy experiments have been used to investigate the effect of filler on ion-aggregation. Only one new vibrational mode can be assigned to the composite which is not due to the polymer electrolyte or the filler. From this work, we believe the increased conductivity observed by previous researchers as a result of filler addition may be largely attributed to the effect on the degree of crystallinity along with some disruption of ion-aggregation by the fillers in PEO based electrolytes.
Field of Research
039999 Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective
970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences