The incorporation of dopant levels of lithium ions (0.5 to 9.3% by mole) in the N-methyl-N-ethylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide (P12TFSA) plastic crystalline phase results in increases in the solid state ionic conductivity of more than 3 orders of magnitude at 298 K. Conductivities as high as 10−-4 S cm−1 at 323 K have been measured in these doped plastic crystal phases. These materials can therefore be classified as fast-ion conductors. Higher levels of Li only marginally increase the conductivity, up to around 33 mol%, followed by a slight decrease to 50 mol%. Thermal analysis behaviour has allowed the partial development of the binary phase diagram for the LiTFSA–P12TFSA system between 0–50 mol% LiTFSA, which suggests the presence of a solid solution single phase at concentrations less than 9.3 mol% LiTFSA. There is also strong evidence of eutectic behaviour in this system with a eutectic transition temperature around 308 K at 33 mol% LiTFSA. A model relating ionic conduction to phase behaviour in this system is presented. The increased conductivity upon doping has been associated with lithium ion motion via7Li solid state NMR linewidth measurements.
Field of Research
039999 Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective
970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences