High proton conductivity has been achieved in the high temperature plastic crystal phase of pentaglycerine when doped with strong acids, including trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (triflic acid) and methanesulfonic acid. The solid–solid phase transition from the ordered to plastic phase in this material occurs at 86 °C and conductivities of 10− 3 S/cm were measured in the high temperature plastic phase on the addition of 1 mol% triflic acid. In the case of methanesulfonic acid, the conductivities showed a greater dependence on acid concentration and were lower than for triflic acid, as expected on the basis of acid strengths. Electrochemical characterisation shows a clear hydrogen reduction process indicating that the proton is the mobile species in the plastic phase.
Field of Research
039999 Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective
970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
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