In order to achieve high conductivity in a polymer electrolyte, polymer-in-ionic-liquid electrolytes have been explored. It is found in this study that poly[vinylpyrrolidone-co-(vinyl acetate)] (P(VP-c-VA)) in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethyl sulfonyl) amide (EtMeIm+Tf2N−) and poly(N,N-dimethyl acrylamide) (PDMAA) in trimethyl butyl ammonium bis(trifluoromethane sulfonyl) amide (N1114+Tf2N−) produce ion-conducting liquids and gels. The P(VP-c-VA)/ EtMeIm+Tf2N− mixture has a conductivity around 10−3 S · cm−1 at 22 °C, for copolymer concentrations up to 30 wt.-%. Thermal analysis shows that the Tg of the P(VP-c-VA)/ EtMeIm+Tf2N− system is well described by the Fox equation as a function of polymer content. Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)/ EtMeIm+Tf2N− gel electrolytes were prepared by in-situ polymerisation of the monomer in the ionic liquid. In the presence of 0.5–2.0 wt.-% of a crosslinking agent, these PMMA-based electrolytes displayed elastomeric properties and high conductivity (ca. 10−3 S · cm−1) at room temperature.
Field of Research
039999 Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective
970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
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