Towards elucidating microscopic structural changes in Li-ion conductors Li1+yTi2–yAly[PO4 ]3 and Li1+yTi2–yAly[PO4 ]3–x [MO4 ]x(M=V and Nb) : X-ray and27Al and31P NMR studies

Wong, Shan, Newman, Peter J., Best, A. S., Nairn, K. M., MacFarlane, D. R. and Forsyth, Maria 1998, Towards elucidating microscopic structural changes in Li-ion conductors Li1+yTi2–yAly[PO4 ]3 and Li1+yTi2–yAly[PO4 ]3–x [MO4 ]x(M=V and Nb) : X-ray and27Al and31P NMR studies, Journal of materials chemistry, vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 2199-2203.

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Title Towards elucidating microscopic structural changes in Li-ion conductors Li1+yTi2–yAly[PO4 ]3 and Li1+yTi2–yAly[PO4 ]3–x [MO4 ]x(M=V and Nb) : X-ray and27Al and31P NMR studies
Formatted title Towards elucidating microscopic structural changes in Li-ion conductors Li1+yTi2–yAly[PO4 ]3 and Li1+yTi2–yAly[PO4 ]3–x [MO4 ]x(M=V and Nb) : X-ray and27Al and31P NMR studies
Author(s) Wong, Shan
Newman, Peter J.
Best, A. S.
Nairn, K. M.
MacFarlane, D. R.
Forsyth, Maria
Journal name Journal of materials chemistry
Volume number 8
Issue number 10
Start page 2199
End page 2203
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 1998
ISSN 0959-9428
1364-5501
1744-683X
Summary A combination of X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies has demonstrated that attempted substitutions of Al, V and Nb into the framework of LiTi2(PO4)3 yield several impurity phases in addition to direct substitutions of Al into Ti and V, Nb into P sites. Direct substitutions were confirmed by changes in the unit cell dimensions as indicated by the peak shifts observed in the X-ray diffractographs and by analyses of the 27Al and 31P magic angle spinning (MAS) spectra. A major impurity phase was identified as AlPO4 (found in at least two polymorphs) and the amount present increases with increasing Al additions. The formation of AlPO4 appeared to be enhanced by further V but suppressed by Nb substitution. These results suggest that the presence of AlPO4 , together with the non-stoichiometric modified LTP, may be the cause for the observed densification of this material upon sintering and the increased ionic conductivity.
Language eng
Field of Research 039999 Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©1998, Royal Society of Chemistry
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30030295

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Institute for Technology Research and Innovation
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