Lloyd, B. E. and Palmer, S. L. 2000, A systems approach to the engineering workforce, in ICSTM 2000 : Proceedings of the International Conference on Systems Thinking in Management, Deakin University, Geelong, Vic., pp. 365-370.
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The engineering function, work force and associations should be viewed as a system, for an adequate understanding of the complex interactions involved, for development of coherent policies and for achieving optimal overall performance. Such an approach embraces professional, para-professional and other categories, and requires a coherent system of qualifications, education, occupational identifiers and role definitions. For engineering education, it facilitates effective design of educational programs for each category and educational articulation between them. For industry and society, it fosters work force effectiveness and harmony. The paper provides the basis for systematising the complex of elements that make up the engineering system.