Biomimetic modification of porous TiNbZr alloy scaffold for bone tissue engineering
Wang, Xiaojian, Li, Yuncang, Hodgson, Peter and Wen, Cui'e 2010, Biomimetic modification of porous TiNbZr alloy scaffold for bone tissue engineering, Tissue engineering : part A, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 309-316.
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Porous titanium (Ti) and Ti alloys are important scaffold materials for bone tissue engineering. In the present study, a new type of porous Ti alloy scaffold with biocompatible alloying elements, that is, niobium (Nb) and zirconium (Zr), was prepared by a space-holder sintering method. This porous TiNbZr scaffold with a porosity of 69% exhibits a mechanical strength of 67MPa and an elastic modulus of 3.9GPa, resembling the mechanical properties of cortical bone. To improve the osteoconductivity, a calcium phosphate (Ca/P) coating was applied to the surface of the scaffold using a biomimetic method. The biocompatibility of the porous TiNbZr alloy scaffold before and after the biomimetic modification was assessed using the SaOS2 osteoblast–like cells. Cell culture results indicated that the porous TiNbZr scaffold is more favorable for cell adhesion and proliferation than its solid counterpart. By applying a Ca/P coating, the cell proliferation rate on the Ca/P-coated scaffold was significantly improved. The results suggest that high-strength porous TiNbZr scaffolds with an appropriate osteoconductive coating could be potentially used for bone tissue engineering application.
Online Publication Date: September 28, 2009
Field of Research
Socio Economic Objective
970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
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