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Habitual physical activity and the risk for depressive and anxiety disorders among older men and women

Pasco, Julie A., Williams, Lana J., Jacka, Felice N., Henry, Margaret J., Coulson, Carolyn E., Brennan, Sharon L., Leslie, Eva, Nicholson, Geoffrey C., Kotowicz, Mark A. and Berk, Michael 2011, Habitual physical activity and the risk for depressive and anxiety disorders among older men and women, International psychogeriatrics, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 292-298.

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Title Habitual physical activity and the risk for depressive and anxiety disorders among older men and women
Author(s) Pasco, Julie A.
Williams, Lana J.
Jacka, Felice N.
Henry, Margaret J.
Coulson, Carolyn E.
Brennan, Sharon L.
Leslie, Eva
Nicholson, Geoffrey C.
Kotowicz, Mark A.
Berk, Michael
Journal name International psychogeriatrics
Volume number 23
Issue number 2
Start page 292
End page 298
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 2011-03-23
ISSN 1041-6102
1741-203X
Keyword(s) anxiety
depression
epidemiology
physical activity
risk factors
Summary Background: Regular physical activity is generally associated with psychological well-being, although there are relatively few prospective studies in older adults. We investigated habitual physical activity as a risk factor for de novo depressive and anxiety disorders in older men and women from the general population.
Methods: In this nested case-control study, subjects aged 60 years or more were identified from randomly selected cohorts being followed prospectively in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study. Cases were individuals with incident depressive or anxiety disorders, diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR (SCID-I/NP); controls had no history of these disorders.Habitual physical activity,measured using a validated questionnaire, and other exposures were documented at baseline, approximately four years prior to psychiatric interviews. Those with depressive or anxiety disorders that pre-dated baseline were excluded.
Results: Of 547 eligible subjects, 14 developed de novo depressive or anxiety disorders and were classified as cases; 533 controls remained free of disease. Physical activity was protective against the likelihood of depressive and anxiety disorders; OR = 0.55 (95% CI 0.32–0.94), p = 0.03; each standard deviation increase in the transformed physical activity score was associated with an approximate halving in the likelihood of developing depressive or anxiety disorders. Leisure-time physical activity contributed substantially to the overall physical activity score. Age, gender, smoking, alcohol consumption, weight and socioeconomic status did not substantially confound the association.
Conclusion: This study provides evidence consistent with the notion that higher levels of habitual physical activity are protective against the subsequent risk of development of de novo depressive and anxiety disorders.
Notes Published online by Cambridge University Press 24 Sep 2010
Reproduced with the kind permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 110319 Psychiatry (incl Psychotherapy)
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Related work DU:30042980
Copyright notice ©2011, Cambridge University Press
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30030469

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.