Gender differences in personal, social and environmental influences on active travel to and from school for Australian adolescents

Leslie, Eva, Kremer, Peter, Toumbourou, John W. and Williams, Joanne W. 2010, Gender differences in personal, social and environmental influences on active travel to and from school for Australian adolescents, Journal of science and medicine in sport, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 597-601, doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2010.04.004.

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Title Gender differences in personal, social and environmental influences on active travel to and from school for Australian adolescents
Author(s) Leslie, Eva
Kremer, PeterORCID iD for Kremer, Peter
Toumbourou, John W.ORCID iD for Toumbourou, John W.
Williams, Joanne W.ORCID iD for Williams, Joanne W.
Journal name Journal of science and medicine in sport
Volume number 13
Issue number 6
Start page 597
End page 601
Total pages 5
Publisher Elsevier Australia
Place of publication Chatswood, N.S.W.
Publication date 2010-11
ISSN 1440-2440
Keyword(s) health behaviour
active transport
public health
Summary Active travel (walking or cycling for transport) is an important contributor to adolescents overall physical activity (PA). This study examines associations between personal, social and environmental variables and active travel to and from school using data from a large observational study to examine active travel in 2961 year 6 and 8 students (48.7% male), aged 10–14 years (M = 11.4, SD = 0.8 yrs) from 231 schools. Participants completed an on-line survey and all reported living within 2 km of school. Data collected included mode of travel to and from school, self-reported health, and PA variables. Social environmental variables included having playgrounds, parks or gyms close by, feeling safe to walk alone, barriers to walking in the neighbourhood (e.g. traffic, no footpaths), peer and family support for PA, existence of sports teams/scout groups, community disorder and perceived neighbourhood safety. Results showed that while more girls (44.3%) than boys (37.4%) walked to school, lower proportions rode bikes (8.3% vs 22.4%) and hence fewer were active travellers overall. Logistic regression models, adjusted for age, location and socio-economic status were conducted for active travel to/from school, separately for boys and girls. Predictors for boys and girls being ‘active travellers’ to/from school included recreational facilities close to home, higher perceived safety of the neighbourhood and higher community disorder. For boys, social support from friends, scout groups available and higher enjoyment of physical activity was also important. These findings suggest areas for future research and may be used to guide strategies to increase active travel to and from school.
Notes Available online 1 July 2010.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2010.04.004
Field of Research 111712 Health Promotion
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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School of Psychology
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