Depression and anxiety through pregnancy and the early postpartum : an examination of prospective relationships

Skouteris, Helen, Wertheim, Eleanor H., Rallis, Sophia, Milgrom, Jeanette and Paxton, Susan J. 2009, Depression and anxiety through pregnancy and the early postpartum : an examination of prospective relationships, Journal of affective disorders, vol. 113, no. 3, pp. 303-308, doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2008.06.002.

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Title Depression and anxiety through pregnancy and the early postpartum : an examination of prospective relationships
Author(s) Skouteris, Helen
Wertheim, Eleanor H.
Rallis, Sophia
Milgrom, Jeanette
Paxton, Susan J.
Journal name Journal of affective disorders
Volume number 113
Issue number 3
Start page 303
End page 308
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier B V
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publication date 2009-03
ISSN 0165-0327
Keyword(s) Anxiety
Depressive symptoms
Sleep quality
Social support
Summary Background: The aim of this study was to explore the prospective relationship between depressive symptoms and anxiety across pregnancy and the early postpartum.
Methods: Participants (N=207) completed the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory Trait subscale, Beck Depression Inventory, and social support and sleep quality measures at two time points during pregnancy and once in the early postpartum period.
Results: After accounting for the relative stability of anxiety and depression over time, depressive symptoms earlier in pregnancy predicted higher levels of anxiety in late pregnancy and anxiety in late pregnancy predicted higher depressive symptomatology in the early postpartum. A bi-directional model of depression and anxiety in pregnancy was supported.
Limitations: Data were based on self-reports and participating women were predominantly tertiary educated with high family incomes.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that depressive symptoms precede the development of higher levels of anxiety and that anxiety, even at non-clinical levels, can predict higher depressive symptoms. Clinicians are advised to screen for anxiety and depression concurrently during pregnancy.
Notes Available online 9 July 2008
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jad.2008.06.002
Field of Research 111402 Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Socio Economic Objective 920507 Women's Health
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2008, Elsevier B.V.
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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