Epithelial cell folate is an accurate marker when compared with whole tissue biopsy folate for examining the role of folate status in colorectal cancer
O'Reilly, S. L. 2006, Epithelial cell folate is an accurate marker when compared with whole tissue biopsy folate for examining the role of folate status in colorectal cancer, in NSA 2006 : Nutrition through the Life Cycle : Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Australia, HEC Press, Melbourne, Vic., pp. S127-S127.
Background – Epidemiological studies have shown low folate status is associated with colorectal cancer. Colonic tissue folate levels at different stages of cancer development should give important information, but different methodologies to extract the colonic tissue folates have been used. This has hampered progress in defining the relationship between systemic and tissue folate levels. Objective – To evaluate two methods of colonic tissue preparation for estimation of total folate content. Design – Whole tissue punch biopsy samples were obtained from the descending colon of 31individuals following a normal colonoscopy. Blood samples were obtained for the determination of plasma homocysteine (Hcy), red cell folate (RCF), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase 677C>T genotype, and serum vitamin B12 and folate. Colonic tissue folate was measured both in washed whole tissue biopsies and in epithelial cells isolated from tissue biopsies. Outcomes - Whole biopsy and epithelial cell folate concentrations were significantly correlated (R=.375; P=.038). Hcy was inversely correlated with both measures (R=-.365; P=.043 and R=-.364; P=.044 respectively). RCF was significantly correlated with isolated epithelial cell folate (R=.477; P=.007) but not with whole tissue biopsy folate (R=.264; P=.151). There were no significant associations between serum and colonic folate in this study. Conclusion - Both methods are useful for comparing systemic and localised tissue folate status but epithelial cells may provide more reliable data.