Availability of sports facilities as moderator of the intention - sports participation relationship among adolescents

Prins, Richard G., van Empelen, Pepijn, te Velde, Saskia J., Timperio, Anna, van Lenthe, Frank J., Tak, Nannah I., Crawford, David, Brug, Johannes and Oenema, Anke 2010, Availability of sports facilities as moderator of the intention - sports participation relationship among adolescents, Health education research, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 489-497.

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Title Availability of sports facilities as moderator of the intention - sports participation relationship among adolescents
Author(s) Prins, Richard G.
van Empelen, Pepijn
te Velde, Saskia J.
Timperio, Anna
van Lenthe, Frank J.
Tak, Nannah I.
Crawford, David
Brug, Johannes
Oenema, Anke
Journal name Health education research
Volume number 25
Issue number 3
Start page 489
End page 497
Total pages 9
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of publication Cary, N. C.
Publication date 2010-04
ISSN 0268-1153
1465-3648
Summary This longitudinal study aimed to identify individual and environmental predictors of adolescents’ sports participation and to examine whether availability of sports facilities moderated the intention–behaviour relation. Data were obtained from the ENvironmental Determinants of Obesity in Rotterdam SchoolchildrEn study (2005/2006 to 2007/2008). A total of 247 adolescents (48% boys, mean age at follow-up 15 years) completed the surveys at baseline and follow-up. At baseline, adolescents completed a survey that assessed engagement in sports participation, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioural control and intention towards sports participation. Availability of sports facilities (availability) was assessed using a geographic information system. At follow-up, sports participation was again examined. Multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to test associations between availability of sports facilities, theory of planned behaviour variables and the interaction of intention by availability of sports facilities, with sports participation at follow-up. Simple slopes analysis was conducted to decompose the interaction effect. A significant availability × intention interaction effect [odds ratio: 1.10; 95% confidence interval: 1.00–1.20] was found. Simple slopes analysis showed that intention was more strongly associated with sports participation when sports facilities were more readily available. The results of this study indicate that the intention–sports participation association appears to be stronger when more facilities are available.
Language eng
Field of Research 111706 Epidemiology
Socio Economic Objective 920412 Preventive Medicine
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30031301

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