Major dietary patterns of young and middle aged women : results from a prospective Australian cohort study

Mishra, G. D., McNaughton, S. A., Ball, K., Brown, W. J., Giles, G. G. and Dobson, A. J. 2010, Major dietary patterns of young and middle aged women : results from a prospective Australian cohort study, European journal of clinical nutrition, vol. 64, no. 10, pp. 1125-1133, doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2010.121.

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Title Major dietary patterns of young and middle aged women : results from a prospective Australian cohort study
Author(s) Mishra, G. D.
McNaughton, S. A.ORCID iD for McNaughton, S. A.
Ball, K.ORCID iD for Ball, K.
Brown, W. J.
Giles, G. G.
Dobson, A. J.
Journal name European journal of clinical nutrition
Volume number 64
Issue number 10
Start page 1125
End page 1133
Total pages 9
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2010-10
ISSN 0954-3007
Keyword(s) dietary patterns
Australian diet
food frequency questionnaire
factor analysis
health-related behaviours
Summary Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the major dietary patterns of two age cohorts of women, to determine to the extent to which the dietary patterns differ between the cohorts and to assess whether they vary according to sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics and patterns of nutrient intake.

Dietary intake was assessed using an 80-item food frequency questionnaire for women aged 50–55 years (n=10 150; ‘middle age’) in 2001 and aged 25–30 years (n=7371; ‘young’) in 2003, from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. Factor analysis using principal component extraction was used to identify dietary patterns, and a pattern score was calculated from the consumption of the food items identified with each dietary pattern. Associations between the dietary pattern scores and sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics and nutrient intakes were investigated using regression analysis.

Results: Six dietary patterns were identified and were labelled: cooked vegetables; fruit; Mediterranean-style; processed meat, meat and takeaway; reduced fat dairy; and high-fat and sugar foods. Regression analysis revealed that healthier dietary patterns were significantly associated with other favourable health-related behaviours, higher socioeconomic status and living in urban areas (P-values <0.05).

In spite of differences in the level of consumption of individual food items, the similarity in dietary patterns across two generations of women suggests that policies and interventions to improve diet should focus on social and economic factors and general health-related behaviour rather than different age groups.
Language eng
DOI 10.1038/ejcn.2010.121
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, Nature Publishing Group
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Created: Wed, 24 Nov 2010, 09:39:49 EST by Jane Moschetti

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