Rapeseed (canola) oil and other monounsaturated fatty acid-rich vegetable oils
Turchini, Giovanni and Mailer, Rodney J. 2011, Rapeseed (canola) oil and other monounsaturated fatty acid-rich vegetable oils. In Turchini, Giovanni M., Ng, Wing-Keong and Tocher, Douglas R. (ed), Fish oil replacement and alternative lipid sources in aquaculture feeds, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Flo., pp.161-208.
Rapeseed (canola) and other monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA)-rich oils are viewed as good candidates to replace, at least partially, the fish oil normally included in aquaculture feeds (aquafeeds). In fact, their utilization as a dietary lipid source for aquatic animals has some advantages over other readily available terrestrial alternative oils and fats; however, this is not without difficulties. MUFA are, indeed, easily digestible and a good source of available energy, and their deposition into fish flesh is considered to be less detrimental than other fatty acid classes, from a human nutritional viewpoint. This chapter attempts to review the principal information available regarding the utilization of MUFA-rich vegetable oil (VO) in aquaculture feed. Initially the chapter focuses on the rapeseed oil eRa) industry, agronomy, quality improvement, processing, and uses, and the main chemical and physical characteristics of rapeseed oil and other MUFA-rich va such as olive oil, peanut oil, and rice bran oil, amongst others. Following this, the potential advantages and challenges of using these alternative oils in the aquaculture feed industry are presented and discussed.
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