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Parenting styles, family structure and adolescent dietary behaviour

Pearson, Natalie, Atkin, Andrew J., Biddle, Stuart J. H., Gorely, Trish and Edwardson, Charlotte 2010, Parenting styles, family structure and adolescent dietary behaviour, Public health nutrition, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 1245-1253, doi: 10.1017/S1368980009992217.

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Title Parenting styles, family structure and adolescent dietary behaviour
Author(s) Pearson, Natalie
Atkin, Andrew J.
Biddle, Stuart J. H.
Gorely, Trish
Edwardson, Charlotte
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 13
Issue number 8
Start page 1245
End page 1253
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 2010-08
ISSN 1368-9800
1475-2727
Keyword(s) parenting styles
family structure
adolescence
fruit
vegetables
unhealthy snacks
breakfast
dietary behaviour
Summary Objective To examine associations between parenting styles, family structure and aspects of adolescent dietary behaviour.

Design
Cross-sectional study.

Setting
Secondary schools in the East Midlands, UK.

Subjects Adolescents aged 12–16 years (n 328, 57 % boys) completed an FFQ assessing their consumption of fruit, vegetables, unhealthy snacks and breakfast. Adolescents provided information on parental and sibling status and completed a seventeen-item instrument measuring the general parenting style dimensions of involvement and strictness, from which four styles were derived: indulgent, neglectful, authoritarian, authoritative.

Results
After controlling for adolescent gender and age, analysis of covariance revealed no significant interactions between parenting style and family structure variables for any of the dietary behaviours assessed. Significant main effects for family structure were observed only for breakfast consumption, with adolescents from dual-parent families (P < 0·01) and those with no brothers (P < 0·05) eating breakfast on more days per week than those from single-parent families and those with one or more brother, respectively. Significant main effects for parenting style were observed for all dietary behaviours apart from vegetable consumption. Adolescents who described their parents as authoritative ate more fruit per day, fewer unhealthy snacks per day, and ate breakfast on more days per week than those who described their parents as neglectful.

Conclusions
The positive associations between authoritative parenting style and adolescent dietary behaviour transcend family structure. Future research should be food-specific and assess the efficacy of strategies promoting the central attributes of an authoritative parenting style on the dietary behaviours of adolescents from a variety of family structures.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/S1368980009992217
Field of Research 111712 Health Promotion
Socio Economic Objective 920205 Health Education and Promotion
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30031396

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Created: Tue, 30 Nov 2010, 14:18:24 EST by Jane Moschetti

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