Hearing in athletes with intellectual disabilities : the need for improved ear care

McCracken, W., Lumm, J. and Laoide-Kemp, S. 2011, Hearing in athletes with intellectual disabilities : the need for improved ear care, Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 86-93, doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3148.2010.00564.x.

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Title Hearing in athletes with intellectual disabilities : the need for improved ear care
Author(s) McCracken, W.
Lumm, J.ORCID iD for Lumm, J. orcid.org/0000-0003-2098-2403
Laoide-Kemp, S.
Journal name Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities
Volume number 24
Issue number 1
Start page 86
End page 93
Total pages 8
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Place of publication Malden, Mass.
Publication date 2011-01
ISSN 1360-2322
1468-3148
Keyword(s) ear care
hearing screen
intellectual disability
Summary Background The Special Olympics offer the opportunity for athletes with intellectual disabilities to participate in a range of sports at regional, national and international level. A parallel Healthy Athletes programme was introduced to ensure safety at the games but also to collect data on the health needs of those with intellectual disabilities (ID).

Method
This study reports on the introduction of a hearing screen for the first time at national games in Great Britain. Given the availability of free local healthcare it was unclear whether the screen would simply duplicate services already accessed locally.

Results Of the 996 athletes who went though the hearing screen 40% were identified with a previously unrecognised hearing loss, 52% required medical ear care and 43% required wax removal. Despite complex competing stimuli within the screening area only 15 of the subjects were unable to complete the full screen. Local clinical services are carried out in more controlled environments therefore it is reasonable to presume that it would be possible for them to provide assessment of ear care and ongoing audiological assessments where needed. It was found that carers and sports coaches were generally unaware of the hearing needs of the athletes, in spite of the fact that they worked so closely with them.

Conclusions
The importance of imparting information to carers and coaches, together with the need for access to regular ear care locally is underlined in this study.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1468-3148.2010.00564.x
Field of Research 170201 Computer Perception, Memory and Attention
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, Blackwell Publishing
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30031541

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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