Trends in food and nutritional intakes of French adults from 1999 to 2007 : results from the INCA surveys

Dubuisson, Carine, Lioret, Sandrine, Touvier, Mathilde, Dufour, Ariane, Calamassi-Tran, Gloria, Volatier, Jean-Luc and Lafay, Lionel 2010, Trends in food and nutritional intakes of French adults from 1999 to 2007 : results from the INCA surveys, British journal of nutrition, vol. 103, no. 7, pp. 1035-1048, doi: 10.1017/S0007114509992625.

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Title Trends in food and nutritional intakes of French adults from 1999 to 2007 : results from the INCA surveys
Author(s) Dubuisson, Carine
Lioret, Sandrine
Touvier, Mathilde
Dufour, Ariane
Calamassi-Tran, Gloria
Volatier, Jean-Luc
Lafay, Lionel
Journal name British journal of nutrition
Volume number 103
Issue number 7
Start page 1035
End page 1048
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 2010-04
ISSN 0007-1145
Keyword(s) trends
INCA surveys
food consumption
nutritional intake
Summary Two independent cross-sectional dietary surveys (the Individual and National Food Consumption Surveys, INCA), performed in 1998–99 (INCA1) and in 2006–07 (INCA2) on nationally representative samples of French people, were used to analyse trends in the dietary habits and nutritional intake of French adults. Food consumption was recorded through 7-d dietary records, and nutritional intakes were assessed using the French food composition database. After exclusion of under-reporters, analyses were performed on 3267 adults, aged 18–79 years: 1345 from INCA1 and 1922 from INCA2. The trends highlighted over the 8-year period showed a decrease in consumption of dairy products, meat, bread, potatoes, pastries/croissant-like pastries/cakes/biscuits and sugar/confectionery. In contrast, the consumption of fruits and vegetables, rice, ice cream and chocolate increased. Other food groups, like fish and snacking foods, remained stable. Food choices were mostly age specific. These age differences remained consistent over the years and underlined two opposite dietary trends: a ‘traditional’ one mainly followed by the elderly, and a ‘snacking and convenience’ one mainly adopted by young adults. The overall trends in food consumption did not influence the mean energy intake, but did slightly modify the contribution of each macronutrient to energy intake. These repeated surveys highlighted the fact that trends in French food habits have moved towards an average European diet at the crossroads between Mediterranean and Northern diets, and that food consumption changes impacted, to a lesser extent, nutritional intake.
Language eng
DOI 10.1017/S0007114509992625
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
HERDC collection year 2010
Copyright notice ©2009, The Authors
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