Evolution in a cold climate

Waterhouse, J. B. and Shi, G. R. 2010, Evolution in a cold climate, Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, paleoecology, vol. 298, no. 1-2, pp. 17-30.

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Title Evolution in a cold climate
Author(s) Waterhouse, J. B.
Shi, G. R.
Journal name Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, paleoecology
Volume number 298
Issue number 1-2
Start page 17
End page 30
Total pages 14
Publisher Elsevier BV
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2010-12-01
ISSN 0031-0182
1872-616X
Keyword(s) late palaeozoic–early mesozoic
evolution
Gondwana
cold climate
mass extinction
Eastern Australia
New Zealand
biotic sanctuary or refuge
Summary A brief appraisal of marine fossils from high latitudes and episodically cold climate especially in east Australia and New Zealand during Late Palaeozoic and Early Mesozoic times shows patterns of evolution and survival that differ from those adduced for the palaeotropics and Northern Hemisphere. Examples taken from amongst phyla Scyphozoa, Bryozoa, Brachiopoda and Classes Bivalvia and Class Cephalopoda suggest these attributes:
1. Evolution and demise of species and genera proceeded at a rate close to that known for palaeotropical and Northern Hemisphere macro-invertebrates, but involved fewer families and orders.
2. Possibly, intraspecific variation was greater amongst southern palaeohemisphere Permian species than in those of the Permian palaeotropics.
3. There was no proven diminution of life at the end of the Guadalupian (Middle Permian) at southern high latitudes, where however the fossil record is meagre for this interval. Younger Wuchiapingian and Changhsingian faunas were moderately diverse.
4. There is no evidence for a high latitude Southern Hemisphere anoxic event in the Early Triassic despite claims of a world-wide anoxic interval. Nor has any substantial volcanic eruption or bolide impact left any marked traces in the sedimentary record.
5. As a consequence, some major groups such as Bryozoa and Conulariida (Staurozoa) survived the end- Permian extinction shock in the Southern Hemisphere.
6. Other major groups appear to have survived better in the south than in the north, notably, mollusc Bivalvia and Cephalopoda. It therefore appears likely that Triassic seas were restocked substantially from the Southern Hemisphere and that the Permian extinction shock was asymmetric with respect to latitudes in its distribution and affect.
Language eng
Field of Research 040308 Palaeontology (incl Palynology)
Socio Economic Objective 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2010
Copyright notice ©2010, Elsevier B.V.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30031967

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Life and Environmental Sciences
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