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Mental reinstatement of context with child witnesses : does it matter whether context is reinstated 'out loud'?

Dietze, Paul M., Powell, Martine B. and Thomson, Donald M. 2010, Mental reinstatement of context with child witnesses : does it matter whether context is reinstated 'out loud'?, Psychology crime and law, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 439-448, doi: 10.1080/10683160902905871.

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Title Mental reinstatement of context with child witnesses : does it matter whether context is reinstated 'out loud'?
Author(s) Dietze, Paul M.
Powell, Martine B.ORCID iD for Powell, Martine B. orcid.org/0000-0001-5092-1308
Thomson, Donald M.
Journal name Psychology crime and law
Volume number 16
Issue number 5
Start page 439
End page 448
Total pages 10
Publisher Routledge
Place of publication Basingstoke, England
Publication date 2010-06
ISSN 1068-316x
1477-2744
Keyword(s) Mental reinstatement
Cognitive interview
Eyewitness memory
Recall
Child witness
Summary In this study we examined the impact of two types of mental reinstatement of context instructions in facilitating children's recall of a staged event across two stages of development. Specifically, a 2 times 3 factorial design was utilised incorporating two age groups (6- and 12-year-olds) and three interview conditions (standard recall, mental reinstatement where the child was instructed to reinstate the context 'out loud', and mental reinstatement without the explicit 'out loud' instruction). Overall, mental reinstatement instruction led to more correct and fewer incorrect responses than the standard recall instruction. The effect of mental reinstatement was similar across the age groups and irrespective of whether the child was asked to reinstate 'out loud'. Beneficial effects of the technique, however, were only evident for cued-recall questions as opposed to free-narrative responses. The implications of these findings and directions for future research are discussed.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/10683160902905871
Field of Research 170104 Forensic Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, Taylor & Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30032022

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
Higher Education Research Group
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Created: Thu, 16 Dec 2010, 14:43:51 EST by Jane Moschetti

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