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Influence of dietary modifications on the blood pressure response to antihypertensive medication

Huggins, Catherine E., Margerison, Claire, Worsley, Anthony and Nowson, Caryl A. 2011, Influence of dietary modifications on the blood pressure response to antihypertensive medication, British journal of nutrition, vol. 105, no. 2, pp. 248-255.

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Title Influence of dietary modifications on the blood pressure response to antihypertensive medication
Author(s) Huggins, Catherine E.
Margerison, Claire
Worsley, Anthony
Nowson, Caryl A.
Journal name British journal of nutrition
Volume number 105
Issue number 2
Start page 248
End page 255
Total pages 8
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 2011
ISSN 0007-1145
1475-2662
Keyword(s) Antihypertensive therapy
Dietary potassium
Dietary sodium
Home blood pressure
Salt
Summary Identifying dietary modifications that potentiate the blood pressure (BP)-lowering effects of antihypertensive medications and that are practical for free-living people may assist in achieving BP reduction goals. We assessed whether two dietary patterns were effective in lowering BP in persons on antihypertensive therapy and in those not on therapy. Ninety-four participants (38/56 females/males), aged 55.6 (sd 9.9) years, consumed two 4-week dietary regimens in random order (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-type diet and low-Na high-K (LNAHK) diet) with a control diet before each phase. Seated home BP was measured daily for the last 2 weeks in each phase. Participants were grouped based on antihypertensive drug therapy. The LNAHK diet produced a greater fall in systolic BP (SBP) in those on antihypertensive therapy ( - 6.2 (sd 6.0) mmHg) than in those not on antihypertensive therapy ( - 2.8 (sd 4.0) mmHg) (P = 0.036), and this was greatest for those on renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blocker therapy ( - 9.5 (sd 6.4) mmHg) (interaction P = 0.007). The fall in SBP on the DASH-type diet, in those on therapy (overall - 1.1 (sd 6.2) mmHg; renin-angiotensin blocker therapy - 4.2 (sd 4.7) mmHg), was not as marked as that observed on the LNAHK diet. Dietary modifications are an important part of all hypertension management regimens, and a low-Na and high-K diet enhances the BP-lowering effect of antihypertensive medications, particularly those targeting the RAS.
Notes Reproduced with the kind permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 111104 Public Nutrition Intervention
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30032066

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.