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Lower levels of physical activity in childhood associated with adult depression

Jacka, F.N., Pasco, J.A., Williams, L.J., Leslie, E.R., Dodd, S., Nicholson, G.C., Kotowicz, M.A. and Berk, M. 2011, Lower levels of physical activity in childhood associated with adult depression, Journal of science and medicine in sport, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 222-226, doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2010.10.458.

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Title Lower levels of physical activity in childhood associated with adult depression
Author(s) Jacka, F.N.ORCID iD for Jacka, F.N.
Pasco, J.A.ORCID iD for Pasco, J.A.
Williams, L.J.ORCID iD for Williams, L.J.
Leslie, E.R.
Dodd, S.ORCID iD for Dodd, S.
Nicholson, G.C.
Kotowicz, M.A.ORCID iD for Kotowicz, M.A.
Berk, M.ORCID iD for Berk, M.
Journal name Journal of science and medicine in sport
Volume number 14
Issue number 3
Start page 222
End page 226
Total pages 5
Publisher Elsevier Australia
Place of publication Chatswood, N.S.W.
Publication date 2011-05
ISSN 1440-2440
Keyword(s) affective disorders
physical activity
Summary Emerging evidence indicates that early life exposures influence adult health outcomes and there is cause to hypothesise a role for physical activity (PA) in childhood as a protective factor in adult depression. This study aimed to investigate the association between self-reported levels of PA in childhood and self-reported depressive illness. Lifetime depression and levels of physical activity (low/high) in childhood (<15 yr) were ascertained by self-report in 2152 adults (20–97 yr) participating in an ongoing epidemiological study in south-eastern Australia. Data were collected between 2000 and 2006. In this sample, 141 women (18.9%) and 169 men (12.0%) reported ever having a depressive episode. Low PA in childhood was associated with an increased risk of reporting depression in adulthood (OR = 1.70, 95%CI = 1.32–2.17, p < 0.001). Adjustment for age, gender and adult PA attenuated the relationship somewhat (OR = 1.35, 95%CI = 1.01–1.78, p = 0.04), however further adjustment for SES or country of birth did not affect this relationship. In this community-based study, lower levels of self-reported PA in childhood were associated with a 35% increase in odds for self-reported depression in adulthood. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that lower levels of PA in childhood may be a risk factor for adult depression.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2010.10.458
Field of Research 110319 Psychiatry (incl Psychotherapy)
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2011
Related work DU:30042980
Copyright notice ©2011, Elsevier
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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