Social comparisons, appearance related comments, contingent self-esteem and their relationships with body dissatisfaction and eating disturbance among women

Bailey, Shannon D. and Ricciardelli, Lina A. 2010, Social comparisons, appearance related comments, contingent self-esteem and their relationships with body dissatisfaction and eating disturbance among women, Eating behaviors, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 107-112.

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Title Social comparisons, appearance related comments, contingent self-esteem and their relationships with body dissatisfaction and eating disturbance among women
Author(s) Bailey, Shannon D.
Ricciardelli, Lina A.
Journal name Eating behaviors
Volume number 11
Issue number 2
Start page 107
End page 112
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2010-04
ISSN 1471-0153
1873-7358
Keyword(s) social comparisons
appearance related comment
body dissatisfaction
eating disturbance
Summary This study examined social comparisons, appearance related comments and contingent self-esteem, and their relationships with body dissatisfaction and eating disturbance in young adult women. Importantly, the role of both positive and negative appearance related comments, and upward and downward comparisons, were investigated. A self-report questionnaire assessing each of these variables was completed by one hundred and ninety-six women aged 18–35. A higher frequency of negative comments and contingent self-esteem were associated with higher upward comparisons, and more positive comments were associated with higher downward comparisons. Overall, social comparisons were shown to be more important than verbal commentary and contingent self-esteem. More upward comparisons and less downward comparisons uniquely predicted higher body dissatisfaction and eating disturbance. In addition, negative appearance comments were found to be more salient than positive comments. Negative comments and contingent self-esteem uniquely predicted more eating disturbance but positive comments were not a predictor of body dissatisfaction or eating disturbance. Longitudinal studies are now required to establish the direction of these relationships and to more fully examine the interplay among the factors. In addition, given that our study only assessed self-reported social comparisons, our findings need to be validated against experimental methods.
Language eng
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, Elsevier Ltd.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30032568

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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