Music, in early childhood education : teachers' levels of confidence and happiness

Ebbeck, Marjory, Yim, Hoi Yin Bonnie and Lee, Lai Wan Maria 2008, Music, in early childhood education : teachers' levels of confidence and happiness, Australian journal of music education, no. 2, pp. 22-30.

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Title Music, in early childhood education : teachers' levels of confidence and happiness
Author(s) Ebbeck, Marjory
Yim, Hoi Yin BonnieORCID iD for Yim, Hoi Yin Bonnie
Lee, Lai Wan Maria
Journal name Australian journal of music education
Issue number 2
Start page 22
End page 30
Total pages 8
Publisher Australian Society for Music Education
Place of publication Parkville, Vic.
Publication date 2008
ISSN 0004-9484
Summary This paper presents the results of a study which investigates early childhood teachers’ levels of confi dence
and happiness in conducting music activities with young children. A sample of 284 in-service and preservice
early childhood teachers in Hong Kong participated in the study. Two new research instruments
entitled Teachers Music Confi dence Scale (TMCS) and Teachers Happiness Scale (THS) were designed for
data collection to answer the research questions. Results showed that early childhood teachers have the
highest and the lowest level of confi dence in singing and composing/improvising respectively. In-service
teachers showed higher confi dence and happiness levels in conducting several musical activities with
young children than pre-service teachers. There was also a statistically signifi cant relationship between
these two variables. Implications for engagement in music are discussed in the paper.
Language eng
Field of Research 130102 Early Childhood Education (excl Maori)
Socio Economic Objective 930202 Teacher and Instructor Development
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, Sage Publishing
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Arts and Education
School of Education
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