Estimating the diameter of yarns with irregular constituent fibres

Xu, Jun, Wang, Xungai and Chen, YiSong 2010, Estimating the diameter of yarns with irregular constituent fibres, in IWRC 2010 : Proceedings of the 12th International Wool Research Conference Vol. 1 : Low-carbon Era, Ecological Wool, Creative Tech, Better Life, Donghua University, Shanghai, China, pp. 119-123.

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Title Estimating the diameter of yarns with irregular constituent fibres
Author(s) Xu, Jun
Wang, Xungai
Chen, YiSong
Conference name International Wool Research Conference (12th : 2010 : Shanghai, China)
Conference location Shanghai, China
Conference dates 19-22 Oct. 2010
Title of proceedings IWRC 2010 : Proceedings of the 12th International Wool Research Conference Vol. 1 : Low-carbon Era, Ecological Wool, Creative Tech, Better Life
Editor(s) [Unknown]
Publication date 2010
Conference series International Wool Research Conference
Start page 119
End page 123
Total pages 5
Publisher Donghua University
Place of publication Shanghai, China
Keyword(s) yarn model
packing density
area equivalent diameter
yarn diameter
Summary Yarn diameter and packing density are difficult to measure directly. Existing models on fibre packing density in a yarn assume that all fibres are uniform and have an identical diameter. Yet real staple yarns, such as wool yarns, consist of fibres of varying diameters. This paper proposes an effective and simple yarn model for calculating the average diameter of yarns, in which fibres have circular cross-section and the close packing in the yarn cross-section. The concept of “area equivalent diameter” is introduced to transform fibres of varying diameters to identical fibres with one equivalent diameter to simplify the calculations of the average yarn diameter for a range of yarns.
ISBN 9787506468329
Language eng
Field of Research 091012 Textile Technology
Socio Economic Objective 860403 Natural Fibres, Yarns and Fabrics
HERDC Research category E1 Full written paper - refereed
HERDC collection year 2010
Copyright notice ©2010, Donghua University
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30032893

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Centre for Material and Fibre Innovation
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