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A simple nutrition screening tool for hemodialysis nurses

Bennett, Paul N., Breugelmans, Leo, Meade, Anthony and Parkhurst, Dee 2006, A simple nutrition screening tool for hemodialysis nurses, Journal of renal nutrition, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 59-62.

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Title A simple nutrition screening tool for hemodialysis nurses
Author(s) Bennett, Paul N.
Breugelmans, Leo
Meade, Anthony
Parkhurst, Dee
Journal name Journal of renal nutrition
Volume number 16
Issue number 1
Start page 59
End page 62
Publisher W.B. Saunders
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA
Publication date 2006-01
ISSN 1051-2276
1532-8503
Summary Objective : To assess the reliability of a nurse-performed nutrition screening tool (NST) for hemodialysis (HD) patients to identify nutritionally at-risk patients.

Design :
Tool reliability assessment.

Setting and Participants : The setting was nine non-hospital private (n = 3) and public (n = 6) HD units in Australia (two rural and seven metropolitan). Participants were 112 HD patients.

Results : A total of 112 HD patients (male = 65, female = 47) from 9 non-hospital HD units in Australia (seven metropolitan and two rural) were screened with the NST and the outcome of dietitian referral compared with Standard Dietitians Assessment. The mean age of patients was 57.6 years. Overall, the NST showed a sensitivity of 0.84 (range, 0.71 to 0.94; P < .05) and a specificity of 0.9 (range, 0.82 to 0.98; P < .05). The NST was more sensitive (sensitivity, 0.93 [range, 0.87 to 0.99; P < .05]) and was more specific for men (specificity, 0.92 [range, 0.85 to 0.99; P < .05]). Specificity was very strong in metropolitan patients (specificity, 0.94 [range, 0.87 to 1.01; P < .05]).

Conclusions : The tool was more sensitive and specific than the NST previously reported by the same investigators. The tool is particularly specific in that it screens those patients not requiring dietitian intervention. The use of this tool may benefit HD units that do not have on-site or regular dietetic support to prioritize patients needing dietitian intervention.
Notes Reproduced with the kind permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 110312 Nephrology and Urology
Socio Economic Objective 920199 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, W.B. Saunders
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30033135

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Nursing and Midwifery
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.