The purpose of the study was to pilot a nurse-performed nutritional screening tool (NST) for dialysis patients in order to identify nutritionally at-risk patients. Haemodialysis (HD) patients are at risk of nutritional-related problems. Nutritional screening by nurses may assist in the early recognition of and response to these problems. An NST was developed using 9 screening parameters. (BMI, weight change, poor appetite, GI symptoms, albumin, pre-dialysis urea, K+, PO4++, HbA1c). The NST was compared with Standard Dietitian Assessment (SDA). 44 HD patients were screened with the NST and then with SDA. The tool showed sensitivity of 0.7 (95%CI+/- 0.21) and a specificity of 0.77 (95%CI+/-0.16). Reliability was low (alpha = .18). Alpha increased to 0.32 if pre-dialysis urea was removed from the tool and increased to 0.48 if weight loss, appetite, K+ and PO4++ were used alone. The pilot study showed a low reliability of the NST compared with SDA. With further analysis and modifications, the NST has the potential to assist nutritional screening by nurses in dialysis centres that have limited dietetic access.
Field of Research
110312 Nephrology and Urology
Socio Economic Objective
920199 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified