Obesity is associated with previous suicide attempts in bipolar disorder

Gomes, Fabiano A., Kauer-Sant'Anna, Márcia, Magalhães, Pedro V., Jacka, Felice N., Dodd, Seetal, Gama, Clarissa S., Cunha, Ângelo, Berk, Michael and Kaczinski, Flávio 2010, Obesity is associated with previous suicide attempts in bipolar disorder, Acta neuropsychiatrica, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 63-67.

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Title Obesity is associated with previous suicide attempts in bipolar disorder
Author(s) Gomes, Fabiano A.
Kauer-Sant'Anna, Márcia
Magalhães, Pedro V.
Jacka, Felice N.
Dodd, Seetal
Gama, Clarissa S.
Cunha, Ângelo
Berk, Michael
Kaczinski, Flávio
Journal name Acta neuropsychiatrica
Volume number 22
Issue number 2
Start page 63
End page 67
Total pages 5
Publisher Wiley Blackwell
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2010-04
ISSN 0924-2708
1601-5215
Keyword(s) bipolar disorder
obesity
suicide
Summary Objective: There is a paucity of data about risk factors for suicide attempts in bipolar disorder. The aim of this study is to examine the association between suicide attempts and obesity in people with bipolar disorder.

Methods: Two hundred fifty-five DSM-IV out-patients with bipolar disorder were consecutively recruited from the Bipolar Disorder Program at Hospital das Clínicas de Porto Alegre and the University Hospital at the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil. Diagnosis and clinical variables were assessed with Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-axis I (SCID I) and Program structured protocol. History of suicide attempts was obtained from multiple information sources including patients, relatives and review of medical records. Patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 were classified as obese.

Results: Over 30% of the sample was obese and over 50% had a history of suicide attempt. In the multivariate model, obese patients were nearly twice (OR = 1.97, 95% CI: 1.06–3.69, p = 0.03) as likely to have a history of suicide attempt(s).

Conclusion: Our results emphasise the relevance of obesity as an associated factor of suicide attempts in bipolar disorder. Obesity may be seen as correlate of severity and as such, must be considered in the comprehensive management of bipolar patients.
Language eng
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, John Wiley & Sons
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30033156

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Medicine
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