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Environmental mastery and depression in older adults in residential care

Knight, Tess, Davison, Tanya Ellen, McCabe, Marita Patricia and Mellor, David 2011, Environmental mastery and depression in older adults in residential care, Ageing & society, vol. 31, no. 5, Wellbeing, Independence and Mobility, pp. 870-884.

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Title Environmental mastery and depression in older adults in residential care
Author(s) Knight, Tess
Davison, Tanya Ellen
McCabe, Marita Patricia
Mellor, David
Journal name Ageing & society
Volume number 31
Issue number 5
Season Wellbeing, Independence and Mobility
Start page 870
End page 884
Total pages 15
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 2011-07-01
ISSN 0144-686X
1469-1779
Keyword(s) environmental mastery
depression
older adults
resilience
control
Summary This study investigated the association between environmental mastery and depression in a sample of 96 older adults (aged 64–98 years) in residential care. The participants completed a scale that assessed depression along with measures for risk factors for depression such as functional capacity, self-evaluated physical health, bereavement experiences and environmental mastery. The results showed that 49 per cent of the variance in participants’ scores in depression could be attributed to their self-reported level of environmental mastery. Given the complexity of depression and the likelihood of reduced environmental mastery among older adults in residential care, the construct was further assessed as a mediating variable between the risk factors and depression. With environmental mastery taken as such, the explained variance in depression increased to 56 per cent. It was concluded that environmental mastery may be one of the more important factors affecting the mental health of older adults living in residential care and that strategies for increasing the residents’ environmental mastery are important to their psychological wellbeing. The discussion notes that among the questions needing further investigation are whether older adults who experience high environmental mastery make the transition from community living to residential nursing home care more successfully than others, and whether perceived mastery diminishes over time or occurs at the point of transition from community independent living to dependent supported living.
Language eng
Field of Research 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, Cambridge University Press
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30033219

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.