Academics perceptions and expectations on attaining the purposes of higher education cases in Turkey and Australia
Kalayci, Nurdan, Watty, Kim and Havirsever, Fahriye 2008, Academics perceptions and expectations on attaining the purposes of higher education cases in Turkey and Australia, in Proceedings of the 2008 Further Education in the Balkan Countries symposium, Egitim akademi, [Konya, Turkey], pp. 205-216.
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The aim of this study is to determine the views of academics about the purpose of higher education. There are two aspects : (1) how purpose is currently being promoted in their departments - what is currently occuring (beliefs); and (2) what the purpose of higher education should be - what ought to be occurring (attitudes). In this research, the measurement tool that has been developed by Watty (2006) and that is related to identifying academics perceptions about the purposes of higher education was used. This measurement tool was based on four dominant purposes and four general purposes that focus on the education process (Barnett, 1992). Research datd was collected from interviews with 64 academics who were in Business Departments of Economics and Administration Faculties of Gazi University, Ankara University, Hacettepe University and Middle East Technical University that are located in Ankara- the capital city of Turkey. Findings suggest that these are similarities in the views expressed by academics in Turkey and Australia about the purposes of higher education in terms of their beliefs (current situation) and attitudes (desired situation). The aim of providing work-ready graduates comes first in current situations and was at the last place in desired situation for both countries. The aim of developing critical reasoning was at the last place in current situations and was at the first place in desired situation for both countries.
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