Cruickshank, Joanna 2010, Race, history, and the Australian faith missions, Itinerario : international journal on the history of European expansion and global interaction, vol. 34, no. 3, Special Issue 03 (Missions and Modernity), pp. 39-52.
(Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your Deakin Research Online credentials)
Itinerario : international journal on the history of European expansion and global interaction
Special Issue 03 (Missions and Modernity)
Cambridge University Press
Place of publication
In 1901, the parliament of the new Commonwealth of Australia passed a series of laws designed, in the words of the Prime Minister Edmund Barton, “to make a legislative declaration of our racial identity”. An Act to expel the large Pacific Islander community in North Queensland was followed by a law restricting further immigration to applicants who could pass a literacy test in a European language. In 1902, under the Commonwealth Franchise Act, “all natives of Asia and Africa” as well as Aboriginal people were explicitly denied the right to vote in federal elections. The “White Australia policy”, enshrined in these laws, was almost universally supported by Australian politicians, with only two members of parliament speaking against the restriction of immigration on racial grounds.
Field of Research
210303 Australian History (excl Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History)