CALD : surviving various application-layer DDoS attacks that mimic flash crowd
Wen, Sheng, Jia, Weijia, Zhou, Wei, Zhou, Wanlei and Xu, Chuan 2010, CALD : surviving various application-layer DDoS attacks that mimic flash crowd, in NSS 2010 : Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Network and System Security, IEEE, Piscataway, N.J., pp. 247-254, doi: 10.1109/NSS.2010.69.
Distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack is a continuous critical threat to the Internet. Derived from the low layers, new application-layer-based DDoS attacks utilizing legitimate HTTP requests to overwhelm victim resources are more undetectable. The case may be more serious when suchattacks mimic or occur during the flash crowd event of a popular Website. In this paper, we present the design and implementation of CALD, an architectural extension to protect Web servers against various DDoS attacks that masquerade as flash crowds. CALD provides real-time detection using mess tests but is different from other systems that use resembling methods. First, CALD uses a front-end sensor to monitor thetraffic that may contain various DDoS attacks or flash crowds. Intense pulse in the traffic means possible existence of anomalies because this is the basic property of DDoS attacks and flash crowds. Once abnormal traffic is identified, the sensor sends ATTENTION signal to activate the attack detection module. Second, CALD dynamically records the average frequency of each source IP and check the total mess extent. Theoretically, the mess extent of DDoS attacks is larger than the one of flash crowds. Thus, with some parameters from the attack detection module, the filter is capable of letting the legitimate requests through but the attack traffic stopped. Third, CALD may divide the security modules away from the Web servers. As a result, it keeps maximum performance on the kernel web services, regardless of the harassment from DDoS. In the experiments, the records from www.sina.com and www.taobao.com have proved the value of CALD.
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Field of Research
080503 Networking and Communications
Socio Economic Objective
970108 Expanding Knowledge in the Information and Computing Sciences
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