Unintentional needlestick injuries in livestock production : a case series and review

Jennissen, Charles, Wallace, Jamie, Donham, Kelley, Rendell, David and Brumby, Susan 2011, Unintentional needlestick injuries in livestock production : a case series and review, Journal of agromedicine, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 58-71, doi: 10.1080/1059924X.2011.534045.

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Title Unintentional needlestick injuries in livestock production : a case series and review
Author(s) Jennissen, Charles
Wallace, Jamie
Donham, Kelley
Rendell, David
Brumby, SusanORCID iD for Brumby, Susan orcid.org/0000-0001-6332-3374
Journal name Journal of agromedicine
Volume number 16
Issue number 1
Start page 58
End page 71
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2011
ISSN 1059-924X
Keyword(s) agriculture
injection injuries
needlestick injuries
vaccination injuries
Summary Livestock producers and their employees sometimes experience unintentional needlestick injury (NSI) while vaccinating or injecting medications into animals. There is little published regarding the medical complications that can develop from this occupational exposure. The objectives of this study were to (1) perform a retrospective review of animal-related NSIs treated at a tertiary medical center of a rural state; and (2) review the risks of NSI and measures to decrease their occurrence. Medical records of patients with NSI related to animal injection were identified from the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics database from 2002 to 2008 and reviewed. Nine patients received medical care for NSI that occurred while vaccinating farm animals. Most common NSI site was the nondominant hand and most occurred while attempting to inject the animal. Soft tissue infection was common and all nine received oral and/or intravenous antibiotics. Two thirds required hospital admission. Three required surgery and one had a bedside incision and drainage procedure. One patient had a serious inflammatory reaction with necrosis in the leg due to the oil adjuvant in the animal vaccine. Another case had a probable mycetoma with osteomyelitis and soft tissue infection due to the bacteria Streptomyces, which is a NSI complication not previously reported. Although medical complications from farm-related NSIs do not appear to be common, this case series illustrates how these injuries can be debilitating, costly, and lead to loss of work time and productivity. Producers and employees who inject livestock need to be aware of the risks and utilize measures to decrease unintentional NSI.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/1059924X.2011.534045
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, Taylor & Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30033834

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Medicine
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