Social ideological influences on food consumption, physical activity and BMI

Wang, W. C., Worsley, A. and Cunningham, E. G. 2009, Social ideological influences on food consumption, physical activity and BMI, Appetite, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 288-296, doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2009.07.004.

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Title Social ideological influences on food consumption, physical activity and BMI
Author(s) Wang, W. C.ORCID iD for Wang, W. C.
Worsley, A.ORCID iD for Worsley, A.
Cunningham, E. G.
Journal name Appetite
Volume number 53
Issue number 3
Start page 288
End page 296
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2009-12
ISSN 0195-6663
Keyword(s) social ideologies
evening meal patterns
physical activity
body mass Index
female baby boomers
structural equation modeling
Summary We investigated relationships between ideological beliefs (i.e., diaphanous body image and environmental concerns), food attitudes, evening meal patterns, physical activity, and Body Mass Index (BMI). A behavioural model was hypothesized based on the Theory of Reasoned Action. A survey was conducted among shoppers aged 40–70 years at Eastland Shopping Centre, Melbourne, Australia. The hypothesized model was tested among female baby boomers (n = 547) for younger (n = 245) and older (n = 302) age groups using structural equation modeling. Findings showed that diaphanous body image had a direct and positive influence on negative food attitudes, which is likely to lead to higher BMI for both age groups. Body image beliefs were positively related to physical activity only for women aged 56–70 years. In contrast, among women aged 40–55 years, strong pro-environmental concerns suggested less consumption of both healthy (e.g., fruit and vegetables) and unhealthy (e.g., sugar and fats) foods. Moreover, strong pro-animal concerns resulted in higher BMI for the younger women. As expected, increased physical activity negatively influenced BMI. Importantly, the associations between ideological beliefs, attitudes, evening meal patterns, and BMI differed between younger and older female baby boomers.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.appet.2009.07.004
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, Elsevier
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