Associations between parental concern for adolescent weight and the home food environment and dietary intake

MacFarlane, Abbie, Crawford, David and Worsley, Anthony 2010, Associations between parental concern for adolescent weight and the home food environment and dietary intake, Journal of nutrition education and behavior, vol. 42, no. 3, May-June, pp. 152-160.

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Title Associations between parental concern for adolescent weight and the home food environment and dietary intake
Author(s) MacFarlane, Abbie
Crawford, David
Worsley, Anthony
Journal name Journal of nutrition education and behavior
Volume number 42
Issue number 3
Season May-June
Start page 152
End page 160
Total pages 9
Publisher Decker
Place of publication Hamilton, Ont.
Publication date 2010-05
ISSN 1499-4046
1878-2620
Keyword(s) adolescent
parents
home food environment
diet
parent feeding practice
Summary Objective: Examine associations between parental concern about adolescent weight and adolescent perceptions of their dietary intake, home food availability, family mealtime environment, and parents' feeding practices.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Adolescents, aged 12-15 years from 37 secondary schools in Victoria, Australia, and their parents completed surveys in 2004-2005.

Participants: 1,448 adolescent–parent pairs.

Main Outcome Measures:
Parental concern about adolescent weight; adolescent perceptions of their food intake and home food environment.

Analysis: Chi-square tests, exploratory factor analysis, independent t tests (P < .01).

Results: Although 12% of parents perceived their adolescent as overweight, 27% were concerned about their adolescent's weight (under- or overweight). Adolescents of concerned parents reported lower intakes of energy-dense snacks and less home availability of these food items, and they perceived that their parents less often listened to and considered their food preferences when shopping and cooking, than did adolescents of unconcerned parents. Concerned parents were no more likely to provide fruits and vegetables in the home or a positive family mealtime environment than unconcerned parents, at least as reported by their adolescents.

Conclusions and Implications:
Parental concern about adolescent weight was associated with lower intakes of energy-dense snacks among adolescents, less home availability of these food items, and less supportive parental feeding practices. Parents should be encouraged to listen to and consider their adolescents' food preferences, and provide supportive family mealtime environments and healthful food in the home.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, Society For Nutrition Education
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30035053

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