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Consumption of foods by young children with diagnosed campylobacter infection : a pilot case-control study

Cameron, Scott, Ried, Karin, Worsley, Anthony and Topping, David 2004, Consumption of foods by young children with diagnosed campylobacter infection : a pilot case-control study, Public health nutrition, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 85-89.

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Title Consumption of foods by young children with diagnosed campylobacter infection : a pilot case-control study
Author(s) Cameron, Scott
Ried, Karin
Worsley, Anthony
Topping, David
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 7
Issue number 1
Start page 85
End page 89
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 2004
ISSN 1368-9800
1475-2727
Keyword(s) campylobacter
dietary intakes
food frequency questionnaire
children
Summary Objective: To determine whether parentally reported habitual intake of specific foods differed between children with diagnosed Campylobacter jejuni infection and children of a comparison group without diagnosed infection.

Design, setting and subjects: Information was collected from the parents or primary caregivers of South Australian children aged 1–5 years with diagnosed C. jejuni (cases, n=172) and an age- and gender-matched group of uninfected children (controls, n=173). Frequency of consumption of 106 food and drink items was determined for the preceding two months by food-frequency questionnaire. Four children in the control group had recorded diarrhoeal episodes during the assessment period and were excluded, so 169 responses were evaluated for this group. Information was gathered on possible confounders including socio-economic status. Response frequencies were classified into three levels of consumption (rarely, weekly or daily) and statistical comparison was made by frequency of consumption of foods versus the ‘rarely’ classification for cases and controls, respectively.

Results: Frequency of consumption of most foods, including starchy foods and fruits and vegetables, did not differ between cases and controls. However, reported consumption of eight food items (block and processed cheese (slices and spread), salami/fritz (a form of processed sausage), chicken nuggets, pasteurised milk, fish (canned or fresh) and hot French fries) was significantly higher by controls.

Conclusions: The hypothesis that reported consumption of starchy foods was lower by cases than by controls was not supported by the data. However, consumption of some processed and unprocessed foods was higher by controls. Some of these foods have established bactericidal actions in vitro that may indicate a possible mechanism for this apparent protection.
Notes Reproduced with the kind permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2004, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30035212

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.