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Rural adolescent alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use: a comparison of students in Victoria, Australia, and Washington State, United States

Coomber, Kerri, Toumbourou, John W., Miller, Peter, Staiger, Petra K., Hemphill, Sheryl A. and Catalano, Richard F. 2011, Rural adolescent alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use: a comparison of students in Victoria, Australia, and Washington State, United States, Journal of rural health, vol. 27, no. 4, Autumn, pp. 409-415, doi: 10.1111/j.1748-0361.2010.00360.x.

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Title Rural adolescent alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use: a comparison of students in Victoria, Australia, and Washington State, United States
Author(s) Coomber, Kerri
Toumbourou, John W.ORCID iD for Toumbourou, John W. orcid.org/0000-0002-8431-3762
Miller, PeterORCID iD for Miller, Peter orcid.org/0000-0002-6896-5437
Staiger, Petra K.ORCID iD for Staiger, Petra K. orcid.org/0000-0002-6968-5015
Hemphill, Sheryl A.
Catalano, Richard F.
Journal name Journal of rural health
Volume number 27
Issue number 4
Season Autumn
Start page 409
End page 415
Total pages 7
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Place of publication Hoboken, N.J.
Publication date 2011
ISSN 0890-765X
1748-0361
Keyword(s) adolescent
alcohol use
illicit drug use
rural
tobacco use
Summary Purpose: There are inconsistent research findings regarding the impact of rurality on adolescent alcohol, tobacco, and illicit substance use. Therefore, the current study reports on the effect of rurality on alcohol, tobacco, and illicit
drug use among adolescents in 2 state representative samples in 2 countries, Washington State (WA) in the United States and Victoria (VIC) in Australia.
Participants: The International Youth Development Study (IYDS) recruited representative samples of students from Grade 7 (aged 12 to 13 years) and Grade 9 (aged 14 to 15) in both states. A total of 3,729 students responded to questions about alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, and other illicit substance use (nVIC = 1,852; nWA = 1,877). In each state, males and females were equally represented and ages ranged from 12 to 15 years.
Methods: Data were analyzed to compare lifetime and current (past 30 days) substance use for students located in census areas classified as urban, large or small town, and rural. Findings were adjusted for school clustering and
weighted to compare prevalence at median age 14 years.
Findings: Rates of lifetime and current alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use were significantly higher in rural compared to urban students in both states (odds ratio for current substance use = 1.31).
Conclusions: In both Washington State and Victoria, early adolescent rural students use substances more frequently than their urban counterparts. Future studies should examine factors that place rural adolescents at risk for alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1748-0361.2010.00360.x
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, National Rural Health Association
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30035307

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Wed, 01 Jun 2011, 15:19:04 EST by Jane Moschetti

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