A prospective study of the impact of subthreshold mixed states on the 24-month clinical outcomes of bipolar I disorder or schizoaffective disorder

Dodd, S., Kulkarni, J., Berk, L., Ng, F., Fitzgerald, P. B., de Castella, A. R., Filia, S., Filia, K., Montgomery, W., Kelin, K., Smith, M., Brnabic, A. and Berk, M. 2009, A prospective study of the impact of subthreshold mixed states on the 24-month clinical outcomes of bipolar I disorder or schizoaffective disorder, Bipolar disorders, vol. 11, no. Supplement 1, Special issue, pp. 93-93.

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Title A prospective study of the impact of subthreshold mixed states on the 24-month clinical outcomes of bipolar I disorder or schizoaffective disorder
Author(s) Dodd, S.
Kulkarni, J.
Berk, L.
Ng, F.
Fitzgerald, P. B.
de Castella, A. R.
Filia, S.
Filia, K.
Montgomery, W.
Kelin, K.
Smith, M.
Brnabic, A.
Berk, M.
Journal name Bipolar disorders
Volume number 11
Issue number Supplement 1
Season Special issue
Start page 93
End page 93
Publisher Wiley - Blackwell Publishing
Place of publication Malden, Mass
Publication date 2009
ISSN 1398-5647
1399-5618
Keyword(s) mixed states
bipolar disorder
schizoaffective disorder
outcome
Summary Objectives: Subthreshold mixed states are common, yet their clinical significance is unclear. This study investigated the clinical outcomes of subthreshold mixed states in participants with bipolarI disorder or schizoaffective disorder, using the Cassidy and Benazzi criteria for manic and depressive mixed states, respectively.

Methods: The Bipolar Comprehensive Outcomes Study (BCOS) is a prospective observational study of treatment and outcomes for patients with bipolar I or schizoaffective disorder, bipolar type. Participants (N=239) were grouped based on study entry clinical presentation as having pure depression (n=63) if they satisfied DSM-IV-TR criteria for a Major Depressive Episode (MDE), depressive mixed state (DMX) if they also had at least three concurrent hypomanic symptoms (n=33), or not depressed (n=143) if they did not satisfy the criteria for MDE. Participants were similarly grouped as having pure mania (n=3) if they satisfied DSM-IV criteria for a Manic Episode, manic mixed state (MMX) if they also had at least two concurrent depressive symptoms (n=33), or not manic (n=203). Clinical data were collected by interview every 3-months over a 24-month period.

Results: Measures of quality of life, mental and physical health over the 24-month period were significantly worse for participants who were classified as having mixed states at study entry on most outcome measures compared to participants who were not in an illness episode at study entry. DMX was predictive of greater manic symptomatology over the 24 months compared to participants with pure depression.

Conclusion: In participants with a current episode of mood disorder, the presence of subthreshold symptoms of opposite polarity was associated with poorer clinical outcomes over a 24-month period.
Notes Poster presented at Eighth International Conference on Bipolar Disorder, June 25-27 2009, Pittsburgh PA, USA
Language eng
Field of Research 111714 Mental Health
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C2.1 Other contribution to refereed journal
Copyright notice ©2009, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30035606

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Medicine
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