Patterns of alcohol use and associated physical and lifestyle characteristics according to new Australian guidelines

Coulson, Carolyn E., Williams, Lana J, Henry, Margaret J., Berk, Michael, Lubman, Dan I., Brennan, Sharon L., Nicholson, Geoffrey C., Kotowicz, Mark A., Korn, Sam and Pasco, Julie A. 2010, Patterns of alcohol use and associated physical and lifestyle characteristics according to new Australian guidelines, Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry, vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 946-951.

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Title Patterns of alcohol use and associated physical and lifestyle characteristics according to new Australian guidelines
Author(s) Coulson, Carolyn E.
Williams, Lana J
Henry, Margaret J.
Berk, Michael
Lubman, Dan I.
Brennan, Sharon L.
Nicholson, Geoffrey C.
Kotowicz, Mark A.
Korn, Sam
Pasco, Julie A.
Journal name Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
Volume number 44
Issue number 10
Start page 946
End page 951
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Place of publication Abingdon, England
Publication date 2010-10
ISSN 0004-8674
Keyword(s) alcohol consumption
prevalence
men
lifestyle factors
Summary Objective: To describe the pattern of alcohol consumption and associated physical and lifestyle characteristics in a population-based sample of Australian men.
Method: A community-based age-stratifi ed random sample of 1420 men (median age 56 years, range 20 – 93) participating in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study, an epidemiological study set in south-eastern Australia. Daily alcohol intake was ascertained from a detailed food frequency questionnaire and categorized according to the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council 2009 guidelines (non-drinkers, greater than zero but ≤ 2 drinks per day, > 2 drinks per day), with a standard drink equivalent to 10 g of ethanol. Anthropometry was measured and lifestyle factors self-reported. Body composition was determined using dual energy absorptiometry. Socio-economic status was categorized according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics data. Results were age standardized to the Australian male population figures.
Results: The median daily ethanol consumption was 12 g (IQR 2 – 29) per day with a range of 0 – 117 g/day. The age-standardized proportion of non-drinkers was 8.7%, 51.5% consumed up to two drinks per day ( ≤ 20 g ethanol/day), and 39.9% exceeded 2 standard drinks per day ( > 20 g ethanol/day). Alcohol consumption was positively associated with cigarette smoking, weight, higher SES and inversely with age and physical activity.
Conclusions: Approximately, 40% of Australian men consume alcohol at levels in excess of current recommendations, which in combination with other risk factors may adversely impact upon health.
Language eng
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Related work DU:30042980
Copyright notice ©2010, The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30035741

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Medicine
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