The economic burden of ill health due to diet, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol and obesity in the UK : an update to 2006-07 NHS costs

Scarborough, Peter, Bhatnager, Prachi, Wickramasinghe, Kremlin K, Allender, Steve, Foster, Charlie and Rayner, Mike 2011, The economic burden of ill health due to diet, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol and obesity in the UK : an update to 2006-07 NHS costs, Journal of public health, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 527-535.

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Title The economic burden of ill health due to diet, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol and obesity in the UK : an update to 2006-07 NHS costs
Author(s) Scarborough, Peter
Bhatnager, Prachi
Wickramasinghe, Kremlin K
Allender, Steve
Foster, Charlie
Rayner, Mike
Journal name Journal of public health
Volume number 33
Issue number 4
Start page 527
End page 535
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2011
ISSN 1741-3842
Keyword(s) economic burden
non-communicable disease (NCD)
risk factors
Summary Background: Estimates of the economic cost of risk factors for chronic disease to the NHS provide evidence for prioritization of resources for prevention and public health. Previous comparable estimates of the economic costs of poor diet, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol and overweight/obesity were based on economic data from 1992–93.

Methods: Diseases associated with poor diet, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol and overweight/obesity were identified. Risk factor-specific population attributable fractions for these diseases were applied to disease-specific estimates of the economic cost to the NHS in the UK in 2006–07.

Results: In 2006–07, poor diet-related ill health cost the NHS in the UK £5.8 billion. The cost of physical inactivity was £0.9 billion. Smoking cost was £3.3 billion, alcohol cost £3.3 billion, overweight and obesity cost £5.1 billion.

Conclusion: The estimates of the economic cost of risk factors for chronic disease presented here are based on recent financial data and are directly comparable. They suggest that poor diet is a behavioural risk factor that has the highest impact on the budget of the NHS, followed by alcohol consumption, smoking and physical inactivity.
Language eng
Field of Research 111104 Public Nutrition Intervention
Socio Economic Objective 920207 Health Policy Economic Outcomes
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2011, Oxford University Press
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30035978

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
Population Health
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