Reducing the energy density of an entrée decreases children’s energy intake at lunch

Leahy, Kathleen E., Birch, Leann L. and Rolls, Barbara J. 2008, Reducing the energy density of an entrée decreases children’s energy intake at lunch, Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 41-48.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title Reducing the energy density of an entrée decreases children’s energy intake at lunch
Author(s) Leahy, Kathleen E.
Birch, Leann L.
Rolls, Barbara J.
Journal name Journal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume number 108
Issue number 1
Start page 41
End page 48
Total pages 8
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2008-01
ISSN 0002-8223
1878-3570
Summary Background: Strategies need to be developed to reduce preschool children’s energy intake.

Objective: To test the effect of reducing the energy density of an entrée on children’s ad libitum energy intake.

Subjects: Subjects were 2- to 5-year-old children (37 boys and 40 girls) in a university day-care facility.

Intervention: In this within-subjects crossover study, children were served a test lunch once per week for 6 weeks. Two versions of a macaroni and cheese entrée were formulated to differ in energy density while maintaining similar palatability. Each version was served to children three times. The higher-energy-density entrée had 2.0 kcal/g and the other entrée was 30% lower in energy density. Lunch, consumed ad libitum, also included broccoli, applesauce, and milk.

Main outcome measures:
Food intake and energy intake were measured.

Statistical analyses: A mixed linear model tested effect of energy density of the entrée on food intake and energy intake. Results are reported as mean±standard error.

Results: Decreasing the energy density of the entrée by 30% significantly (P<0.0001) reduced children’s energy intake from the entrée by 25% (72.3±8.3 kcal) and total lunch energy intake by 18% (71.8±7.9 kcal). Children consumed significantly more of the lower-energy-density entrée (10.1±4.2 g; P<0.05). Children’s sex-specific body mass index–for-age percentiles did not affect the relationship between energy density of the entrée and children’s intakes.

Conclusions: Decreasing the energy density of a lunch entrée resulted in a reduction in children’s energy intake from the entrée and from the total meal. Reducing the energy density of foods may be an effective strategy to moderate children’s energy intake.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, American Dietetic Association
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30036356

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research
Population Health
Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 33 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 33 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 64 Abstract Views, 0 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Thu, 11 Aug 2011, 13:45:47 EST by Leanne Swaneveld

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.