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Family relationship quality and early alcohol use : evidence for gender-specific risk processes

Kelly, Adrian B., Toumbourou, John W., O'Flaherty, Martin, Patton, George C., Homel, Ross, Connor, Jason P. and Williams, Joanne 2011, Family relationship quality and early alcohol use : evidence for gender-specific risk processes, Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 399-407.

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Title Family relationship quality and early alcohol use : evidence for gender-specific risk processes
Author(s) Kelly, Adrian B.
Toumbourou, John W.
O'Flaherty, Martin
Patton, George C.
Homel, Ross
Connor, Jason P.
Williams, Joanne
Journal name Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs
Volume number 72
Issue number 3
Start page 399
End page 407
Total pages 9
Publisher Alcohol Research Documentation
Place of publication Piscataway, NJ
Publication date 2011-05
ISSN 1937-1888
Summary Objective: Family characteristics (relationship quality, parental behaviors, and attitudes relating to alcohol use) are known to influence alcohol use in the mid-teen years, and there is evidence that family characteristics have different influences on mid-teen girls versus boys. This study examined child gender differences in the association of family relationship quality, parental disapproval of children's alcohol use, and parental alcohol use with early adolescent alcohol use.

Method: Grade 6 and 8 students (modal age 11 and 13, respectively; N = 6,837; 52.6% female) were recruited from 231 schools across three Australian states. Hypotheses were tested using two-level ordinal logistic regression (individuals nested within schools). The main dependent measure was lifetime frequency of early adolescent alcohol consumption. Independent variables included mother's/father's alcohol use, closeness, conflict, and disapproval of adolescent alcohol use. Control variables included sensation seeking, peer alcohol use, and socioeconomic disadvantage.

Results: The key findings were that for the young age group (Grade 6), emotional closeness to the parent of the opposite sex was protective. Family conflict was associated with females' drinking in both age groups but not males' drinking.

Conclusions: There was evidence of gender differences in the epidemiology of family relationship quality and early alcohol use. Social developmental models may need revision to account for these child gender differences. Gender-specific family dynamics may be an important consideration for family-oriented prevention strategy.
Language eng
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, Alcohol Research Documentation
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Thu, 22 Sep 2011, 12:13:30 EST by Jane Moschetti

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