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Risk and protective factors for adolescent substance use in Washington State, the United States and Victoria, Australia : a longitudinal study

Hemphill, Sheryl A., Heerde, Jessica A., Herrenkohl, Todd I., Patton, George C., Toumbourou, John W. and Catalano, Richard F. 2011, Risk and protective factors for adolescent substance use in Washington State, the United States and Victoria, Australia : a longitudinal study, Journal of adolescent health, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 312-320, doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.12.017.

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Title Risk and protective factors for adolescent substance use in Washington State, the United States and Victoria, Australia : a longitudinal study
Author(s) Hemphill, Sheryl A.
Heerde, Jessica A.
Herrenkohl, Todd I.
Patton, George C.
Toumbourou, John W.ORCID iD for Toumbourou, John W. orcid.org/0000-0002-8431-3762
Catalano, Richard F.
Journal name Journal of adolescent health
Volume number 49
Issue number 3
Start page 312
End page 320
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2011-09
ISSN 1054-139x
1879-1972
Keyword(s) adolescence
substance use
cross-national comparison
longitudinal study
risk factors
protective factors
Summary Purpose
To compare the levels of risk and protective factors and the predictive influence of these factors on alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use over a 12-month follow-up period in Washington State in the United States and in Victoria, Australia.

Method
The study involved a longitudinal school-based survey of students drawn as a two-stage cluster sample recruited through schools, and administered in the years 2002 and 2003 in both states. The study used statewide representative samples of students in the seventh and ninth grades (n = 3,876) in Washington State and Victoria.

Results
Washington State students, relative to Victorian students, had higher rates of cannabis use but lower rates of alcohol and tobacco use at time 1. Levels of risk and protective factors showed few but important differences that contribute to the explanation of differences in substance use; Washington State students, relative to Victorian students, reported higher religiosity (odds ratio, .96 vs. .79) and availability of handguns (odds ratio, 1.23 vs. 1.18), but less favorable peer, community, and parental attitudes to substance use. The associations with substance use at follow-up are generally comparable, but in many instances were weaker in Washington State.

Conclusions
Levels of risk and protective factors and their associations with substance use at follow-up were mostly similar in the two states. Further high-quality longitudinal studies to establish invariance in the relations between risk and protective factors and substance use in adolescence across diverse countries are warranted.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.12.017
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30036904

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Thu, 22 Sep 2011, 12:24:21 EST by Jane Moschetti

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