Proposal of a tiered conceptual framework for sustainable design and planning of large-scale development projects in the metropolitan context
Morrissey, John, Iyer-Raniga, Usha, McLaughlin, Patricia and Mills, Anthony 2010, Proposal of a tiered conceptual framework for sustainable design and planning of large-scale development projects in the metropolitan context, in NZSSES 2010 : Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainability Engineering and Science, New Zealand Society for Sustainability Engineering and Science (NZSSES), Auckland, N. Z., pp. 479-490.
The overwhelming threat posed by climate change means that increasingly, emphasis is being placed on the need to integrate sustainability considerations into all areas of policy making, planning and development. Actors in the built environment are progressively considering environmental and social issues alongside functional and economic aspects of development projects. However, to date in Australia and internationally, there have been few practical examples of integrated applications of sustainability principles in the built environment across design, planning, construction, operation and de-construction phases. Notable initiatives have tended to be narrow in scope, focusing on either mitigation or adaptation strategies. Integrated considerations of impacts from component and building scales to city and regional scales and across physical and socio-economic dimensions are urgently needed, particularly for long-life major infrastructure projects. This paper proposes a conceptual framework based on the principal that early intervention is the most cost-effective and efficient means of implementing effective strategies for mitigation and adaptation. A Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) approach is forwarded as an umbrella analytical framework, assembled from analytical methods which are strategically ‘tiered’ to inform different stages of the planning and decision-making process. Techniques such as Ecological footprint, Life cycle costing and Risk analysis may be applied to integrate sustainable design, construction and planning considerations which address both mitigation and adaptation dimensions, results of each analysis ultimately being collated into the overall SEA. This integrated conceptual framework for sustainable, resilient and cost-effective infrastructure development will in practice be applied to assess selected case-studies of major development projects in Australia, focusing on the area of stadium development. Practically applied and timed accordingly, the framework would allow assessments to be targeted towards appropriate decision making levels and enable better decision-making and more efficient resource allocation for major infrastructure development projects.
Conference theme : Transitions to Sustainability
Field of Research
120199 Architecture not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective
970112 Expanding Knowledge in Built Environment and Design
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