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Elite athletes' perceptions of the effects of illicit drugs use on athletic performance

Thomas, Johanna O., Dunn, Matthew, Swift, Wendy and Burns, Lucinda 2010, Elite athletes' perceptions of the effects of illicit drugs use on athletic performance, Clinical journal of sport medicine, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 189-192, doi: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e3181df5f87.

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Title Elite athletes' perceptions of the effects of illicit drugs use on athletic performance
Author(s) Thomas, Johanna O.
Dunn, MatthewORCID iD for Dunn, Matthew orcid.org/0000-0003-4615-5078
Swift, Wendy
Burns, Lucinda
Journal name Clinical journal of sport medicine
Volume number 20
Issue number 3
Start page 189
End page 192
Total pages 4
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2010-05
ISSN 1050-642X
1536-3724
Keyword(s) sport
risk perception
Australia
athlete
cocaine
cannabis
ecstasy
Summary Objective: To investigate the perceived risks and benefits that elite athletes associate with illicit drugs and their beliefs concerning the effects of recreational drug use on athletic performance.

Design: Self-administered survey.

Participants: Nine hundred seventy-four elite athletes (mean age, 23 years; range, 18-30 years) were recruited from 8 national sporting organizations in Australia and the Australian Institute of Sport.

Interventions: Participants completed a self-administered survey that included questions exploring participants’ perceptions regarding the effects of illicit drug use on physical performance.

Setting: National sporting organization meetings or competitions.

Main Outcome Measures: The main outcome measure was risk perception on athletic performance associated with illicit drug use.

Results: The majority of athletes believed that illicit drug use would impact negatively on athletic performance. The main perceived effects of illicit drugs on athletic performance were physical and mental functioning. A minority of athletes indicated that drug use would not impact on physical performance when taken during the offseason or in moderation.

Conclusions: The main risks perceived in association with illicit drug use were short-term consequences, such as physical and mental functioning, rather than long-term health consequences. The current findings may contribute to the development of harm reduction strategies that communicate drug-related consequences to elite athletes in an appropriate and effective manner.


Language eng
DOI 10.1097/JSM.0b013e3181df5f87
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30040075

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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